The majority of the Central Committees (CC) in the UCPN(Maoist) is in favour of the revised Prachanda proposal that proposes that the Party should move forward and ensure the peaceful promulgation of a Nepalese constitution and bring the successfully complete the peace process. However, by doing so they have raked up another festering problem in the UCPN(Maoist): the very constitution of the CC’s membership. The problem can be stated thus: since the 7-point agreement, the CPN(Maoist) had been uniting with other Left parties (many of which are quite small) to form the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). However, as is the case in most Party mergers there exist a whole host of issues including these three main ones: 1) outstanding ideological disagreements; 2) evaluation of Party history, strategy and tactics and; 3) the allocation of appropriate amount of leadership positions to both parties. In the case of the UCPN(Maoist) mergers that have taken place thus far there is agreement on several core issues, however, a number of issues continue to remain unresolved. Thus, in the UCPN(Maoist) there exist three main problems that have arisen from these mergers: 1) there are new Party leaders and members who fundamentally disagree on a number of basic line issues, for example Maoism vs. advocate Mao Zedong Thought (this is one of the main reasons that the Party today upholds the unwieldy line of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism/Mao Zedong Thought, and has had to drop Prachanda Path); 2) there are new Party leaders who fundamentally disagreed, and continue to disagree, with the line of Protracted People’s War and the CPN(Maoist)’s recent history and are more interested in being members of the UCPN(Maoist) as long as it remains an electoral Party (this has been accompanied with an open-door policy on new members) and; 3) there are now a hold host of leaders who have been given politbureau and central committee positions without ever having been elected to such positions by majority of the leadership, hence the bloating of the CC to over 140+ people, although this should have been mitigated by given CC seats on the basis of the size of the merging organization.
Now as this article suggests, and as many around the Party have worried, the new Party members and leaders who have joined in the last few years have given greater strength to the Bhattarai and Prachanda factions, rather than the Kiran faction. In fact, leaders like Matrika Yadav, who would have been sympathetic to the Kiran campaign have actually already split from the Party on several occasions. The three issues identified above have already been kicked down the road several times and cannot be formally resolved till there is another congress as only a general congress of the UCPN(Maoist) can determine, in one way or another, any of these issues in a manner with any political legitimacy. Indeed, only at a congress will it become clear whether a majority of the rank-and-file membership of the UCPN(Maoist) actually cares for either the Kiran or the Bhattarai line, as no longer is the CC’s constitution an accurate reflection of the membership itself. Thus, another ugly and unwieldy knot has begun to come undone and it is not clear how the UCPN(Maoist) will be able to disentangle it without it coming complete apart. However, it is only through a resolution of these very problems can the Party begin to realistically start to adopt a more coherent political strategy and develop an appropriate set of tactics. Now the Party just has to ensure that it does not slip and fall into the ravines below.
KATHMANDU, April 26: It is now almost certain the line of peace and constitution, floated by Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal in his new political document, will command a majority in the party Central Committee (CC).
The line of revolt and state capture, floated by Senior Vice-chairman Mohan Baidya, fared poorly at the CC after the moderates led by Vice-chairman Dr Baburam Bhattarai also threw their weight behind Dahal´s proposal.
The fact that most of the new entrants have joined either the Dahal or Bhattarai factions has helped the line of peace and constitution gain a majority.
As of Monday, around 60 CC members have backed the peace and constitution line and the rest, from the Baidya faction, support the line of revolt.
Baidya has the support of three members in the Standing Committee including CP Gajurel, Dev Gurung and Netra Bikram Chand, while Bhattarai has the support of Dinanath Sharma and Top Bahadur Rayamaji.
Similarly, Dahal has the support of Narayankaji Shrestha, Ram Bahadur Thapa, Post Bahadur Bogati, Krishna Bahadur Mahara, Giriraj Mani Pokharel and Barsaman Pun. Two other members, Amik Serchan and Lilamani Pokharel, are neutral.
In the 47-member politburo, Baidya has the support of 12 members including Indra Mohan Sigdel, Dharmendra Bastola, Khadga Bahadur Bishwakarma, Kul Prasad KC, Hari Bhakta Kandel, Pampha Bhusal, Hitman Shakya and Narayan Sharma Poudel, besides Gurung, Gajurel and Baidya himself.
In the 148-member CC, Baidya has the support of some 50 members.
Most Maoist leaders and cadres who joined the party after the peace process started have been in the Dahal and Bhattarai factions and that is why these two leaders command such a huge majority.
Ever since the peace process began, around half a dozen fringe parties have joined the Maoist party, and very few of their leaders are in Baidya´s faction.
But Hark Bahadur Shahi from the Workers Peasants Party, Ram Acharya from CPN (ML-Revolutionary) and Krishna Bhujhel from CPN (United) are in the Baidya faction.
Of the 31 CC members who joined the party from the CPN (Unity Center-Masal), Kishan Sharma alone is in the Baidya faction. Three memers, Ghanashyam Sharma Poudel, Sashi Shrestha and Dharma Chandra Lawati, are neutral.
From this group Amik Sherchan, Lilamani Pokherel, Dharma Chandra Lawati, Shashi Shrestha, Ghanshyam Sharma Paudel stand on a middle path.
Baidya has the support of those who lost near and dead ones and suffered the most during the insurgency but are not beneficiaries of the peace process.
Baidya accuses the new entrants of being opportunists who joined the party out of vested interests.
“Many of them are real estate brokers and run foreign employment businesses. They have bank balances and own houses and land,” says a leader close to Baidya.